Underwater Cultural Heritage
The practice and study of tangible cultural remains underwater, also known as submerged terrestrial. This requires an understanding of site formation processes and how materials behave when immersed. It also includes archaeological sites that are not maritime related, including plane wrecks and submerged First Nations or inundated terrestrial sites.
Traditionally, in Australia, such sites have been, and continue to be in some jurisdictions, categorised as maritime archaeology. However, since the introduction of the Underwater Cultural Heritage Act in 2018, and the increasing interest in non-shipwreck archaeology, such as inundated late Pleistocene Aboriginal sites, the term submerged terrestrial is becoming increasingly used as a point of differentiation.